Are you having trouble making your lessons student-centered?
Prompts for inquiry-based learning can help guide your instruction and give students a chance to investigate for themselves. Start small. Take a look at a lesson in which you normally begin by giving a formula, rule, or property.
Your lesson may typically sound like this: "Here is the formula for ___. Let me show you how to use it, and then we will practice."
Now, instead of giving the information, allow the students to develop the formula for themselves.
They will remember it better, understand it more deeply, and be able to apply it.
The great news about adding guided inquiry questioning is that it can sometimes be done with ZERO extra teacher prep.
Try this format instead: "You are going to develop and use a formula today." Kick the lesson off with just the right question and then sit back. Offer materials or samples as needed. The students will do the work, and you as the teacher will simply decide how much help to give each student or group. Try to resist the temptation to participate too much!
Here are some sample prompts. Remember that instead of GIVING information, you are asking the class to use what they know and test cases to come up with a pattern or rule. Give a prompt that fits your objective and then give plenty of time for students to think and work. I like to have students work in pairs.
Here are some inquiry-based questioning samples to write your own prompts within a lesson:
Do you feel that you do not have time to give for this type of lesson? Give it a try and you may notice that it is worth it. If your students develop their own formula for surface area, you will need fewer practice problems afterward, and you will spend less time reviewing. They will understand the formula and reproduce it without forgetting. The time saved later will balance out.
When students have completed an investigation, give them some time to reflect and write up their conclusions. Try questions formatted like this:
To get more detail about how to actually structure a guided inquiry lesson plan, read the additional posts below.
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